The scene and the ship, more likely based on the above shown pottery fragment from Kynos, is related to the mithical first Achaean attach to Troy lead by Herakles and his followers.
Its chief character, Odysseus, or Ulysses, inspired more literary works than any other legendary hero. From Homer to James Joyce, Nikos Kazantzakis, and after, Odysseus has been a central figure in European literature, and one who has undergone many sea changes. Odyssey has the ingredients of a perennial best seller: It is, in fact, one of the greatest adventure stories of all time.
Of the poet, or poets, who wrote the poem there is only conjecture. Tradition says that Homer lived in Chios or Smyrna in Ionia, a part of Asia Minor, and it is probable that he, or whoever composed this epic, did so late in the eighth century b. Odyssey was originally sung or recited, as is evident from its style and content, and it was based on legend, folk tale, and free invention, forming part of a minstrel tradition similar to that of the Middle Ages.
The style of the poem is visual, explanatory, repetitive, and stately.
Homer, whoever he was, wanted his audience to visualize and understand everything that happened. He grasped the principles of rhetoric, and he composed in a plain, direct fashion that possesses great eloquence and dignity.
Homer also mastered certain crucial problems of organization. In this manner the leisurely development of the plot stirs anticipation and gives the climactic scene redoubled force.
However, the intervening action must have interest on its own and must have a bearing on the main action. Odyssey shows remarkable ability on all of these counts. If the subject of Iliad is the wrath of Achilles during the Trojan War, the subject of Odyssey is the homecoming of Odysseus ten years after the Trojan War ends.
Thus the epic has a sweeping scope condensed into a very brief span of time. They intend to kill Odysseus if he should ever return, and they arrange an ambush to kill Telemachus. Their radical abuse of hospitality is contrasted with the excellent relations between guest and host when Telemachus goes to visit Nestor and then Menelaus.
In an epic whose theme is travel, the auxiliary theme must be the nature of hospitality. At first Telemachus is a disheartened young man trying to be hospitable in a house where it is impossible. Then Athena, as Mentes, puts pluck into him with the idea that his long-lost father is alive and detained.
Telemachus calls an assembly to state his grievances and then undertakes a hazardous trip to learn of his father. Odysseus is the model of the worldly, well-traveled, persevering man who overcomes obstacles.Free Essays on Fate and Free Will papers, essays, and research papers.
R. Peterson’s fine study, The Classical World (), which includes an analysis of 43 Greek, and 32 Roman figures, is persuasive.
Dr. Peterson explains that the Romans painted their death masks to preserve the color, as well as the shape, of their ancestors’ faces. The The Odyssey quotes below are all either spoken by Odysseus or refer to Odysseus. For each quote, you can also see the other characters and themes related to it (each theme is indicated by its own dot and icon, like this one:).
Note: all page numbers and citation info for the quotes below refer. Masculinity (manhood or manliness) is a set of attributes, behaviors, and roles associated with boys and attheheels.com a social construct, it is distinct from the definition of the male biological sex.
Standards of manliness or masculinity vary across different cultures and historical periods. Both males and females can exhibit masculine traits and behavior. Odyssey is undoubtedly the most popular epic of Western culture.
Its chief character, Odysseus, or Ulysses, inspired more literary works than any other legendary hero. From Homer to James Joyce. Odysseus has the defining character traits of a Homeric leader: strength, courage, nobility, a thirst for glory, and confidence in his authority.
His most distinguishing trait, however, is his sharp intellect.