An introduction to the comparison of the london 2012 olympic and paralympic games

C4 have followed the BBC in putting out a record of the Paralympics and the difference in quality is staggering.

An introduction to the comparison of the london 2012 olympic and paralympic games

Published online Aug For permission to use where not already granted under a licence please go to http: This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial License, which permits use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non commercial and is otherwise in compliance with the license.

This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Introduction Recent systematic reviews suggest that there is a dearth of evidence on the effectiveness of large-scale urban regeneration programmes in improving health and well-being and alleviating health inequalities.

An introduction to the comparison of the london 2012 olympic and paralympic games

The development of the Olympic Park in Stratford for the London Olympic and Paralympic Games provides the opportunity to take advantage of a natural experiment to examine the impact of large-scale urban regeneration on the health and well-being of young people and their families.

Design and methods A prospective school-based survey of adolescents 11—12 years with parent data collected through face-to-face interviews at home. Baseline data will be completed prior to the start of the London Olympics July with follow-up at 6 and 18 months postintervention. The study will account for individual and environmental contextual effects in evaluating changes to identified outcomes.

Fieldworkers have had advanced Criminal Records Bureau clearance.

An introduction to the comparison of the london 2012 olympic and paralympic games

Findings will be disseminated through peer-reviewed publications, national and international conferences, through participating schools and the study website http: Article summary Article focus What is the impact of the urban regeneration programme linked to the Olympic Games on the social determinants of health employmenthealth behaviours physical activity and health outcomes mental health and well-being of adolescents and their parents?

To what extent are socioeconomic, behavioural and health impacts of urban regeneration sustained over time? Key messages There is a shortage of evidence on the effectiveness of large-scale urban regeneration programmes in improving health and well-being, and alleviating health inequalities.

Previous evaluations of mega-events have tended to be retrospective, have short follow-up periods and were based around routinely available data rather than information designed for evaluative purposes.

This study will use a longitudinal controlled quasi-experimental cohort of adolescent school pupils and their parents or primary carers, supplemented by an in-depth longitudinal qualitative study of family experiences of and attitudes towards regeneration and health in the intervention area.

Build your document experience

Strengths and limitations of this study This study is a prospective controlled evaluation of a natural experiment with baseline data collected before the intervention, and will continue to collect data for up to 3-year postintervention. The study is sufficiently powered to counter high levels of attrition due to movements within rapidly changing areas.

Introduction Health follows a social gradient, with the more socioeconomically advantaged scoring higher on numerous measures of health status. Such programmes have usually taken the form of large-scale urban regeneration and neighbourhood renewal programmes that have good potential to tackle health inequalities as they directly influence the wider social, economic and environmental determinants of physical and mental health, such as employment, housing, education, income and welfare.

Despite continuing large-scale public investment, recent systematic reviews identify a dearth of evidence of the effectiveness of urban regeneration programmes in improving health and well-being and alleviating health inequalities.

In the UK, studies investigating the health impacts of urban regeneration are rare and highly variable in terms of study quality and reported outcomes, and are located primarily in the grey literature.

Although some studies have reported improvements in health eg, death rates 10 previous research also suggests the possibility of negative effects. These socioeconomic evaluations have also produced mixed findings, making it difficult to speculate as to the direction and nature of plausible health impacts.

The components of the proposed regeneration are common to most urban regeneration programmes eg, improvements in facilities, services, housing and built infrastructure.

This provides an opportunity to generate evidence about the range and nature of positive and negative impacts on health and the social determinants of health and begin to elucidate their causal pathways and the specific components of regeneration which influence health.

London's Green Olympics: Urban Renewal, Public Transport, Ped-Power

In this study, we propose to assess the impact of urban regeneration on health and health inequalities in a sample of young people and their families in the immediate vicinity of the London Olympic site.

Aims and objectives What is the impact of a multifaceted urban regeneration programme linked to the Olympic Games on the social determinants of health employmenthealth behaviours physical activity and health outcomes mental health and well-being of adolescents and their parents?

Underpinning this objective are the following secondary research questions: How are socioeconomic and health impacts of the urban regeneration programme distributed by age, gender and ethnicity and interactions between these variables?

How, and to what extent, do specific components of the regeneration programme influence health and health behaviours? To what extent are socioeconomic and health impacts of urban regeneration sustained over time? Design and methods Study design The study comprises two main elements.

Residents in the intervention area receiving urban regeneration will be compared with those who live in adjacent areas not receiving urban regeneration of this magnitude.

An in-depth longitudinal qualitative study of family experiences of and attitudes towards regeneration in the intervention area and influences on socioeconomic status, health behaviours and health outcomes. The initial investigation will comprise of a subgroup of approximately 20 families that reflects the diversity of the survey sample.

Figure J 3: Possible indicators to measure other environmental impacts - Introduction

The qualitative study sample will be drawn from wave 1 participants and will be repeated at wave 2. Setting The study will take place in four London Boroughs: The boroughs have an estimated combined population of 1. For example, unemployment rates are Special-needs schools and Pupil Referral Units will be excluded, as will pupils attending the index school who reside outside the school's borough.Tag: Olympic Stadium.

Posted on August 19, August 19, Tokyo ; Olympic stadium – analysis of what went wrong by Katō Hideki dramatically since / when the new National Stadium project was first announced and Tokyo was awarded the Olympic and Paralympic Games.

Between July and July , Tokyo construction costs. An Olympic medal is awarded to successful competitors at one of the Olympic attheheels.com are three classes of medal: gold, awarded to the winner; silver, awarded to the 1st runner-up; and bronze, awarded to the second attheheels.com granting of awards is laid out in detail in the Olympic protocols.

In general, the London Olympic Games positively impacted cultural tourism due to the diligence of government agencies and institutions. The lasting relationships surrounding the restaging of Globe to Globe program productions is also an outcome of cultural diplomacy.

An examination of the Scopus research database provides an understanding of the relative comparison between Olympic and Paralympic scholarship. Tweedy, S., & Howe, P. D. (). Introduction to the Paralympic movement. In The Paralympic a physical activity legacy from the London Olympic and Paralympic Games: A policy-led systematic.

Book Description. This publication will be available on or after 24th July This publication contributes to the ‘learning legacy’ for the London Olympic and Paralympic Games and shares the lessons learned about sustainable design and construction on this exceptional project with the construction industry.

The London Olympic and Paralympic Games were held in the summer of and reports from the Games indicated that there were an additional , journeys made on the busiest days of the Games (Sumner, ). Whilst at the aggregate level such numbers appear relatively manageable against the overall number of trips typically made per day in.

Olympic Games - Wikipedia