Classical school of management theories

Bureaucratic Management Theory by Max Weber Bureaucratic management theory developed by Max Weber, contained two essential elements, including structuring an organization into a hierarchy and having clearly defined rules to help govern an organization and its members. Max Webera German sociologist; he described a theory to operate an organization in an effective way which is known as the Bureaucratic management approach or Weberian bureaucracy. But it was more than that. He found different characteristics in bureaucracies that would effectively conduct decision-making, controlling resources, protecting workers and accomplishment of organizational goals.

Classical school of management theories

Papers Modern Schools of Management Thought Modern management theory is currently in the schools phase. Three schools of management thought are management process, quantitative, and behavioral.

Classical school of management theories

The management process, or classical, school traces its ancestry to Fayol. One of its major tenets is that by analyzing management along functional lines, a framework can be constructed into which all new management concepts can be placed.

This framework consists of a process of interrelated functions such as planning, organizing, and controlling. Another belief of the process school is that management principles can be derived through an analysis of managerial functions.

A third tenet is that the basic management functions are performed by all managers, regardless of enterprise, activity, or hierarchical level. Additionally, the process school stresses the development of a management philosophy.

The quantitative, or management science, school consists of theorists who see management as a system of mathematical models and processes. Relying heavily on the application of scientific analysis to managerial problems, economic effectiveness criteria, and the use of computers adherents of this school have promoted understanding of the need to goal formulation and the measurement of performance.

The behavioral school consists of two branches: The former is heavily psychological in orientation; the latter is heavily sociological. While this school lacks the type of framework used by management process advocates, it does not lack structure.

However, there is a major difference in method Instead of working from functions to activities and principles, as the management process advocates do, the behaviorists work in the opposite direction.

They start with human behavior research and build up to topics or functions. Today there is no unified theory of management. Several reasons can be cited, among them semantics, differing definitions of management, and lack of research.


Advocates of each school claim that the others have serious flaws. The process school is seen as being too static; the quantitative school is seen as a series of useful tools but not a school; the behaviorists are attacked as failing to see the total picture.

It is still unclear whether the three schools will ever be synthesized. For this reason, the student of management is well advised to, understand all three.Classical economics is the original school of economic thought first developed by Adam Smith (Wealth of Nations, ).

It lay out many principles of economics that were then to be built on by the neo-classical school. The neoclassical theory of management attempted to integrate behavioral science, psychology and sociology into the study of business management.

Bureaucratic Management Theory by Max Weber

It shifted the focus of management theory from the organization as a whole to the individual employee.

Instead of examining the technological and structural components of. Nov 21,  · Classical Scientific School of Management: Describe how the need to increase productivity and efficiency in organizations led to the development .

The classical approach emphasizes structure and management: organizational principles (unity of command, chain of command, delegation of authority), management functions (planning, directing, controlling), and functional components of policing (patrol administration, traffic supervision, jail management).

Five Functions of Management

Stepping into Management ASSIGNMENT 1—THE SUPERVISOR’S ROLE Health Care Management. Classical School and the motivational power of money.

Classical management theories emphasize efficiency, structure, procedures, and hierarchy. Types of classical management include scientific and bureaucratic management. Classical management theory is based on the belief that workers only have physical and economic needs.

It does not take into account social needs or job satisfaction, but instead advocates a specialization of labor, centralized leadership and .

Top 8 Schools of Management Theory