Clayton principles of stellar evolution and nucleosynthesis

At the same time it was clear that carbon was the next most common element, and also that there was a general trend toward abundance of light elements, especially those composed of whole numbers of helium-4 nuclei. Arthur Stanley Eddington first suggested in that stars obtain their energy by fusing hydrogen to helium, but this idea was not generally accepted because it lacked nuclear mechanisms. In the years immediately before World War II Hans Bethe first provided those nuclear mechanisms by which hydrogen is fused into helium.

Clayton principles of stellar evolution and nucleosynthesis

Image via Shutterstock Claim Scientists have discovered a fuel thousands of times more powerful than gasoline and just one company is positioned to own a vast majority of its market share.

This post does not seek to address the financial claims made in the ad. These raw materials are used to make lithium-ion batteries, common in cell phones and increasingly in demand for electric cars.

These claims are featured prominently in early portions of the video: Take a look at this picture. You see, Oro Blanco is 1,times more powerful than the gasoline that runs your car.

Clayton principles of stellar evolution and nucleosynthesis

So you can probably drive about 25 miles on a gallon of gasoline. Care to guess what would happen if you retrofitted your car to run on OBL? Pulling into your local gas station on empty, putting only a single gallon of this superfuel in your tank, and driving 42, miles before having to stop at that same gas station again.

One of them is simple science. And the other sounds like magic. First off, this crystal fuel can withstand extreme temperatures. It might start boiling at degrees Fahrenheit. When it does, some amounts will evaporate. Stored energy in fuel is considerable: A lithium-ion battery pack has about 0.

Gasoline thus has about times the energy density of a lithium-ion battery. Astrophysicists have observed OBL being produced by dwarf stars and cosmic rays colliding.

The explosion is so intense, it causes the stars to burn up totimes brighter than they did before. It also sets off a Galactic process known as stellar nucleosynthesis, which gives birth to this superfuel.

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The statement makes you feel like you could power your car with the force of a stellar explosion, but it is, in reality, a meaningless letdown. This technique is a common one for Moors. The final suggestion made by the video is that this one undisclosed company has exclusive access to American lithium deposits, and therefore has a significant stake in the world market.

Excluding the fact that multiple companies have ownership of different regions of the general deposit to which Moors refers and that five companies dominate this market globallythe Nevada deposits are speculative and not necessarily viable, as discussed in a feature about the future of the American lithium market in Fortune: Pure Energy Minerals [one company with an interest in the Nevada deposits] is trying to determine, and prove with its samples and testing, that the lithium brine in Clayton Valley is as high quality and in abundance as the small four-person team thinks it is.

The company estimates that there aremetric tons of lithium carbonate equivalent underneath their land claims that stretch over 9, acres, or 14 square miles, of the basin.

In comparison, the global reserves of lithium carbonate equivalent—which is the amount that can be economically mined right now—is estimated to be about 75 million metric tons, according to the United States Geological Survey.

To be clear, we are not arguing that lithium will not become a major player in the energy market, nor are we arguing that companies investing in American deposits are necessarily a bad bet, but merely highlighting another aspect of an impressively dishonest presentation.

Ultimately, we rate this claim as false because it uses demonstrably misleading or false claims about the science behind the production and use of lithium batteries, invents terminology to hide the actual resource being discussed, and oversells the scarcity of access to deposits as well as the novelty of the resource, all with the motivation of selling an e-book for profit.

Sources Money Map Press. Accessed 25 April Principles of Stellar Evolution and Nucleosynthesis. University of Chicago Press, Stellar nucleosynthesis is the theory explaining the creation He introduced computers into time-dependent calculations of evolution of nuclear systems.

Clayton calculated the first time-dependent models of the S-process and of the R-process, Principles of Stellar Evolution and Nucleosynthesis. University of Chicago Press.

Stars and Stellar Explosions

Principles of Stellar Evolution and Nucleosynthesis by Donald Clayton and a great selection of similar Used, New and Collectible Books available now at Principles of Stellar Evolution and Nucleosynthesis / Edition 1 Donald D.

Clayton's Principles of Stellar Evolution and Nucleosynthesis remains the standard work on the subject, a popular textbook for students in astronomy and astrophysics and a rich sourcebook for $ One of my favorites is “Stellar Structure and Evolution” by Onno Pols.

For additional browsing on several important topics, see: •Principles of Stellar Evolution and Nucleosynthesis, Donald D. Clayton (U. Chicago Press, ).

r-Process Nucleosynthesis of the heavy elements Sean Burcher. What is r-Process Clayton, Principles of Stellar Evolution and Nucleosynthesis, () r-process vs. s-process abundances •Models of r process are used to try and reproduce the abundance of.

Principles of Stellar Evolution and Nucleosynthesis. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, * Dr. Cupps is Research Associate at the Institute for Creation Research and earned his Ph.D.

in nuclear physics at Indiana University-Bloomington.

Principles of stellar evolution and nucleosynthesis (eBook, ) []