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Emotional self-regulation In the context of the fight or flight response, emotional regulation is used proactively to avoid threats of stress or to control the level of emotional arousal.
These negative cognitions may be characterised by: Control psychology Perceived control relates to an individual's thoughts about control over situations and events. Therefore, overestimation or underestimation of perceived control can lead to anxiety and aggression. Social information processing cognition The social information processing model proposes a variety of factors that determine behavior in the context of social situations and preexisting thoughts.
The fight or flight response provided them with the mechanisms to rapidly respond to threats against survival. If the zebra sees a lion closing in for the kill, the stress response is activated as a means to escape its predator. A similar example involving fight is of a cat about to be attacked by a dog.
The cat shows accelerated heartbeat, piloerection hair standing on endand pupil dilation, all signs of sympathetic arousal.
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Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. October Learn how and when to remove this template message Bison hunted by dogs Animals respond to threats in many complex ways. Rats, for instance, try to escape when threatened, but will fight when cornered.
Some animals stand perfectly still so that predators will not see them. Many animals freeze or play dead when touched in the hope that the predator will lose interest. Other animals have alternative self-protection methods.
Some species of cold-blooded animals change color swiftly, to camouflage themselves. Thus, flight can be disappearing to another location or just disappearing in place. And often both fight and flight are combined in a given situation. The fight or flight actions also have polarity — the individual can either fight or flee against something that is threatening, such as a hungry lion, or fight for or fly towards something that is needed, such as the safety of the shore from a raging river.
A threat from another animal does not always result in immediate fight or flight. There may be a period of heightened awareness, during which each animal interprets behavioral signals from the other.
Signs such as paling, piloerection, immobility, sounds, and body language communicate the status and intentions of each animal. There may be a sort of negotiation, after which fight or flight may ensue, but which might also result in playing, mating, or nothing at all.
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