Useful Essay on Poverty in India! The problem of poverty is considered as the biggest challenge to development planning in India.
This practice is similar to many developing countries, but different from developed countries such as the United States that adjust poverty line on an incremental basis per additional household member.
In India, households may include surviving grandparents, parents and children. They typically do not incur any or significant rent expenses every month particularly in rural India, unlike housing in mostly urban developed economies.
The cost of food and other essentials are shared within the household by its members in both cases. However, a larger portion of a monthly expenditure goes to food in poor households in developing countries,  while housing, conveyance and other essentials cost significantly more in developed economies.
For its current poverty rate measurements, India calculates two benchmarks. The first includes a basket of goods including food items but does not include the implied value of home, value of any means of conveyance or the economic value of other essentials created, grown or used without a financial transaction, by the members of a household.
The second poverty line benchmark adds rent value of residence as well as the cost of conveyance, but nothing else, to the first benchmark.
After China accepted opium trade, the colonial government dedicated more land exclusively to poppy,  the opium agriculture in India rose from throughwhen overacres of the most fertile Ganges basin farms were devoted to poppy cultivation,  opium processing factories owned by colonial officials were expanded in Benares and Patnaand shipping expanded from Bengal to the ports of East Asia such as Hong Kong, all under exclusive monopoly of the British.
By early 20th century, 3 out of 4 Indians were employed in agriculture, famines were common, and food consumption per capita declined in every decade.
Numerous famines and epidemics killed millions of people each. These colonial policies moved unemployed artisans into farming, and transformed India as a region increasingly abundant in land, unskilled labour and low productivity, and scarce in skilled labour, capital and knowledge.
Thus, not only was the average income below poverty line, the intensity of poverty was severe. The intensity of poverty increased from tothen began a reversal. However, the absolute poverty rates continued to be very high through the s. The resulting rising landlessness and stagnant real wages intensified poverty.
These poverty alleviation goals were theoretical, with administrative powers resident in the British Empire. Infor example, despite rising agricultural output in undivided South Asia, the Bengal famine killed millions of Indians from starvation, disease and destitution.
Destitution was so intense in Bengal, Bihar, eastern Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand and Orissa, that entire families and villages were "wiped out" of existence. Village artisans, along with sustenance farming families, died from lack of food, malnutrition and a wave of diseases.
Devastating famines impoverished India every 5 to 8 years in late 19th century and the first half of 20th century.Jobs and housing shortage. As with many developing countries, urban poverty in India is a direct effect of rural migrations fleeing poverty.
This creates a massive unemployment and underemployment issue but also a disproportionate housing problem. An Essay on Poverty with reference to India By Amit Bhushan Poverty is the state of human subsistence where one finds him unable to fully participate in the process of production and fair trade, to earn suitable wages, enough to cover the cost of a healthy & hygienic living in a dignified way.5/5(9).
Poverty as a Challenge in India Category: Essays, Paragraphs and Articles On February 21, By Vikash Mehra Since the dawn of human history, the problem of poverty has been an inherent and perpetual characteristic of any type of class or society based on .
WEEKLY essay on poverty in india ESSAY Write an essay on poverty a big challenge for india great argument. Essay advantages and disadvantages of social networking for students It is the root cause of many socio-economic problems including population explosion, unemployment, and child labour and rising graph of crimes.
Useful Essay on Poverty in India! The problem of poverty is considered as the biggest challenge to development planning in India. High poverty levels are synonymous with poor quality of life, deprivation, malnutrition, illiteracy and low human resource development.
Search Results. Essay On Poverty poverty is the most important and most urgent challenge facing us today. It is the challenge of our century. More than one billion people live in extreme poverty.